Archeological evidence shows that extensive human settlement in the Mekong Delta of southern Vietnam may go back as far as the 4th century B.C. The owner of the land in that time was the Hindu Funan Kingdom. Modern-day archaeological findings provide evidence of the Funan society flourished from the first to sixth century.
Post date: 21-04-2017
Study the name of Funan with student tour Vietnam
The “Funan” word given by cartographers, geographers and writers to an ancient state is related to the Khmer word meaning “mountain”. The exact nature of the ethnology of Funan is uncertain but it was probably the population of Negrito migrated from Malay Peninsula.
Wet rice cultivation of Funan Kingdom – student tour Vietnam
The Mekong Delta was a natural region for the development of an economy based on fishing and rice cultivation. There is considerable evidence that the Funanese economy depended on rice surpluses produced by an extensive inland irrigation system and canal network for both transportation and agriculture. Archaeological evidence in the Mekong Delta region discovered the characteristics of Funanese with its architecture built on stilts, terracotta wares, buff colored ceramics and a large canal system linking various settlements; this reveals a highly organized society with a high population density and advanced technology.
Relics of Funan civilization – student tour Vietnam
Commercial culture of Funan Kingdom – student tour Vietnam
Maritime trade also played an extremely important role in the development of Funan. During the first century A.D., Funanese widely traded with the Mediterranean, Persia, China and Indonesia. Chinese sculpture, Indian beads and Roman artifacts including coins and jewelry, gold medallion dated at A.D.152 have been found. Funan maintained close commercial contact with India and served as a base for the Brahman merchant missionaries who brought Hindu culture to Southeast Asia. A lot of seal rings with Sanskrit inscriptions, gems, crystal beads, a gold bell, gold and sapphire rings, a life size Hindu God Vishnu statue, and the linga – yoni object of worship have also been excavated. The object of worship is divided into three sections, a square section to Brahma – the Creator; an octagonal section to Vishnu – the Preserver; and an upper cylindrical portion to Shiva – the Destroyer.
Zenith of Funan Kingdom - student tour Vietnam
Funan reached its zenith in the fifth century A.D., the state exercised control over the lower Mekong River area, the lands around the Tonle Sap, northern Cambodia, southern Laos, southern Thailand, and the northern portion of the Malay Peninsula. Beginning in the early sixth century, civil wars and dynastic strife undermined Funan's stability, making it relatively easy prey to incursions by hostile neighbors.
Lands of Funan Kingdom – student tour Vietnam
Decay of Funan kingdom – student tour Vietnam
By the end of the sixth century, a northern neighbor, the pre-Khmer civilization of Chenla, had reduced Funan to a vassal state. Kingdom of Chenla endured for around 200 years then split into two kingdoms at the end of eighth century. Lower Chenla, referred to “water Chenla”, was located east of Tonle Sap. Upper Chenla, referred to “land Chenla”, was extended from the northern shore of Tonle Sap northward up the Mekong River into southern Laos. Chenla was conquered by Khmers./.